Gagasan Baru Tentang Wahyu: Ke Arah Dialog Kritis Antaragama (Membangun Masyarakat Kitab Bersama Mohammed Arkoun)
During this time, the conversation about revelation in monotheistic religions (Jews-Christians-Islam) has always been dominated by dogma which leads to subjetivity and truth claims. As a result, discussions concerning the dogmas of each religion do not find a meeting point or are unlikely to be able to enrich even the insight. This happens because a layer of understanding has become a dogma and is believed to be a truth that cannot be criticized. In that context, Arkoen conducted criticism by using contemporary methods and approaches (history, thought and language) to see the condition of the book society which had been dominated by an understanding of revelation that was very polemic. Through a contemporary social science approach, Arkoun encourages the birth of a society that promotes critical rationalism. This community must understand the position of revelation from the first level to the fourth level. Arkoun also encouraged the realization of an open society, all opened and dialogue without feeling overwhelmed by dominant understanding and classical history. Book community dialogue is still limited, followed by three monotheistic religions, but efforts to realize this society must fulfill several basic prerequisites. First, make an effort to rethink old concepts of religion and society towards an era of new thinking based on historical solidarity and social integration. Secondly, reforming thought from exclusive theological thinking towards radical criticism without concessions to "religious reason" as it functions in all traditions of religions. Third, it should not be trapped and fall into scholastic debates, namely "religious reason" and "enlightenment sense".
Keywords: Revelation, Arkoun, Book, Religious Reason, Discourse
Abdullah, Amin. â€œAntara Arkoun dan Rahman dalam â€œArkoun dan Kritik Nalar Islamâ€, JH, Meuleman (ed.), Tradisi, Kemodernan dan Meta Modernisme: Memperbincangkan Pemikiran Mohammad Arkoun, Yogyakarta: LkiS, 1994.
Abshar Abdalla, Ulil. â€œKritik Atas Nalar Islam: Membaca pikiran-pikiran muhammad Arkounâ€, Bangkit. No. 8/III/1994
Arkoun, Mohammad, al-Fikr al-Islami: Naqd wa Ijtihad, terj. Hasyim Salih, (London: Daras-Saqi, 1990)
________________,â€œMenuju Pendekatan Baru Islamâ€, hasil wawancara Hamid Basyaib dengan Arkoun di Yogyakarta, dalam Jurnal Ulumul Quran. No. 7. Vol. II. 1990/1411
________________, â€œMetode Kritik Akal Islamâ€, hasil wawancara dengan Hashem Sheleh, Jurnal Ulumul Quran, Edisi Khusus, No. 5 & 6, Vol. 5. Tahun. 1994.
_________________, â€œNew Perspectives for a Jewish-Christian-Muslim Dialogueâ€, Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 26: 3, Summer 1989
_________________, â€œPemikiran Tentang Wahyu: Dari Ahl Kitab sampai Masyarakat Kitabâ€, Jurnal Ulumul Quran, No. 2, Vo. IV, 1994
_________________,â€œRethinking Islam Todayâ€, Charles Khurzman, (ed.), Liberal Islam, A Source Book, (New York â€” Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988
_________________, Islam Kontemporer: Menuju Dialog Antaragama, terj. Ruslani. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2005
________________, Nalar Islami dan Nalar Modern: Berbagai Tantangan dan Jalan Baru, terj. Rahayu S. Hidayat, Jakarta: INIS, 1994
Malti-Douglas, Fedwa. â€œMohammad Arkounâ€, dalam John L. Esposito (ed.), The Oxford Ecyclopedia of The Modern Islamic World, Vol. I (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955)
Meuleman, JH, (ed.), Tradisi, Kemodernan dan Meta Modernisme: Memperbincangkan Pemikiran Mohammad Arkoun, Yogyakarta: LkiS, 1994
Meuleman, Johan. Pengantar: Riwayat Hidup dan Latar Belakang Mohammad Arkoun, Nalar Islami dan Nalar Modern: Berbagai Tantangan dan Jalan Baru, terj. Rahayu S. Hidayat, (Jakarta: INIS, 1994)
Nasir Tamara, Mohammad. â€œMohammad Arkoun dan Islamologi Terapanâ€, Jurnal Ulumul Quran, Vol. 1/1989
This journalÂ providesÂ immediate open accessÂ to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Benefits of open access for the author, include: Free access for all users worldwide. Authors retain copyright to their work. We hope that this policy will make the study of Islam will flourish and contribute to the better future of our society.
It is licensed under theÂ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.Â